The University of Memphis uses a four-point grading system. For most substantial courses
students receive one of the following grades: A+, A, A-, B+,B, B-, C+, C, C-, D+, D, or F. Grades used to postpone or suspend course completion include I (incomplete), IP (in progress), and W (withdrawn). The points awarded for each credit of a plus/minus grade are: A+=4.00, A=4.00, A-=3.84, B+=3.33, B=3.00, B-=2.67, C+=2.33, C= 2.00, C-=1.67, D+=1.33, D=1.00, F=0.00.
In Directed Readings courses, dissertation credits, and courses that do not count
toward the degree, such as Independent Readings and Colloquium for Graduate Assistants,
students may potentially receive an S (satisfactory), U (unsatisfactory), or IP (in progress). All other courses receive a letter grade or an I for incomplete. However, an S or U is virtually always given for courses that do not count toward the degree, since
it is not intended for the student to register for it again (see below). IP is the normal grade for dissertation credits before the semester of completion. After
the student defends the dissertation successfully and receives an S for the final semester, the university automatically changes the all dissertation
grades of IP to S.
You must complete work on any Incomplete (I) grade within 90 days from the end of
the term in which it was received (see University Calendars) or the I will automatically become an F, regardless of whether or not you are enrolled. The instructor may allow extensions
of 45 days for sufficient extenuating circumstances. If not removed before the end
of the 45-day extension, the I grade will automatically become an F. It is very difficult to get a grade changed after it is entered, so be sure to meet
the deadline or get an extension approved.
You should be aware that if the instructor gives you an IP in a Directed Readings course or a course that does not count toward the degree you
must register (and pay) for the same number of credits in the same course for the
next semester. After all work is completed, you will receive credit for the first
course only. If you get an I for dissertation credit (the normal grade until your final semester) you only have
to sign up for one credit or more for each successive semester and will receive credit
for all dissertation credits you take, up to the required twelve. You do not have to register for dissertation credit, or for another course in which you got
an IP, in the summer.
Graduate students must maintain a cumulative 3.00 (B) average. The Graduate School places any graduate student whose cumulative GPA drops
below 3.00 on probation. Two consecutive semesters on probation will result in suspension,
unless the department recommends otherwise and only if the Dean of the Graduate School
accepts our recommendation.
The department will dismiss any student who makes a grade of B- or lower in six credits or more, except under exceptional circumstances. Grades lower
than B- will not count toward the degree.
Grades for graduate work have a different meaning than those for other degrees. This
department, in accord with most other programs, has adopted the following definition
of the grades for all history graduate students:
A+: Work that approaches the quality of professional scholarship.
A: Outstanding, excellent work: demonstrates the potential for professional quality
A-: Very good work. High quality performance, but falls short of excellence.
B+: Good Work. Solid effort, shows potential for higher achievement.
B: Needs improvement: Reflects serious effort, but raises doubts about the potential
for achieving professional quality, so students should consult with professors about
how to improve their work.
B-: Marginal. A few positive qualities, but plagued by serious problems that must be
C+ and below: unacceptable; does not count toward the degree.
This grading scale means that a good Ph.D. student should not be receiving grades
lower than B+ on a regular basis, and most of their grades should be A’s. If you are not doing this, it means that your professors believe that you lack the
potential to produce professional quality work or are not putting forward the necessary
effort, and thus you should probably not pursue the Ph.D.
The Graduate School will certify you for graduation when you meet all requirements,
including the removal of any I or IP grades. If you have an I or IP in the semester in which you expect to graduate, you will not be able to graduate
until the next term.