Graduate Catalog
Biological Sciences

RANDALL BAYER, PhD
Chair
Room 201, Ellington Hall
(901) 678-2581

MATTHEW PARRIS, PhD

I. The Department of Biological Sciences offers programs that lead to the Master of Science (MS thesis and non-thesis) and the Doctor of Philosophy degrees. Graduate faculty members in the department have diverse interests covering most of the major fields of biology and taxa of organisms. Details about admission and degree requirements are presented in the sections that follow.  Applicants must apply to both The University of Memphis Graduate School (http://www.memphis.edu/admissions/apply.php) and the Department of Biological Sciences (http://www.memphis.edu/biology/graduate.htm).  All graduate students must comply with the general requirements of the Graduate School (see Admissions Regulations, Academic Regulations, and Minimum Degree Requirements) as well as the program requirements of the degree being pursued.

The Department of Biological Sciences prefers that students begin their graduate program in the fall; however, they may be accepted for the spring term. The deadline for receiving all application materials for admission in the fall semester is February 1 and September 15 for admission in the spring semester. Applications received after the deadlines may be considered at the discretion of the departmental Graduate Studies Committee, but priority will be given to applications received by the deadlines. Students wishing to be considered for a Graduate Teaching Assistantship (GTA) should apply by February 1. Generally, assistantships will not be available to students applying for spring admission. Admission to our graduate program is competitive and is not automatic by meeting minimum departmental admission requirements.

II. MS Degree Program

Program objectives are: (1) understand biological principles, concepts, and theories, and in-depth knowledge in a chosen specialty; (2) develop expertise in experimental design, data analysis, and oral and written presentation of research results; and (3) become competitive for professional positions in the biological sciences.

A. Program Admission

  1. Application to The University of Memphis Graduate School.  Application can be made on-line ( http://www.memphis.edu/admissions/apply.php and http://www.memphis.edu/biology/graduate.htm).
  2. Official transcripts of all previous academic coursework must be sent directly to The University of Memphis Graduate Admissions from the issuing institution.  An overall minimum grade point average of 2.75 (on a 4.0 scale) at the undergraduate level is usually competitive. Applicants whose highest degree is from a foreign institution must have their credentials evaluated by any credentialing agency listed on the National Association of Credential Evaluation Services' website. The course-by-course report is required.
    a. Applicants must have satisfactorily completed ("C" or better) three upper division courses within the following six areas:  Ecology, Genetics, Cell Biology, Microbiology, Physiology, and Evolution.
    b. Students must have satisfactorily completed ("C" or better) five courses within the following nine areas:  General Chemistry I, General Chemistry II, Organic Chemistry I, Organic Chemistry II, Biochemistry, Physics I, Physics II, Calculus, and Statistics.  Other courses in the sciences may substitute for these requirements.
  3. The Graduate Record Exam (GRE) is required and scores for the Verbal, Quantitative, and Analytical Writing sections are an important factor in the admission process. GRE scores should be submitted directly to The University of Memphis Graduate Admissions by the testing agency.
  4. Department of Biological Sciences Graduate Student Application, to be submitted in an online fillable form (www.memphis.edu/biology/grad/biological_sciences_graduate_program_application.php).
  5. A written letter from a prospective advisor within the Department of Biological Sciences that states that he/she will accept the applicant and how the student will be funded while in the program must be submitted to the Department of Biological Sciences.  Applicants for the Master's degree are expected to have made prior contact with potential research advisors in the department's graduate program.  This is a critical first step; no applicants will be accepted without an advisor.  Faculty research interests are listed on the departmental website; applicants are encouraged to interact directly with those faculty members who have research interests that match their own interests.
  6. Two letters of recommendation from persons capable of assessing the applicant's suitability for graduate work in biology must be submitted to the Department of Biological Sciences.
  7. International students for whom English is not their native language must submit proof that they have taken the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL); acceptable minimums are 550 for paper-based (PBT) and 79 for internet-based (IBT) exams. International applicants for Graduate Teaching Assistantships in the Department of Biological Sciences must obtain a score of 26 or higher on the spoken English component of the TOEFL iBT. Alternatively, applicants must take the SPEAK test (Speaking Proficiency English Assessment Kit) and obtain a score of 50 or higher in order to be appointed as a Teaching Assistant. The SPEAK test is The University of Memphis version of the TSE (Test of Spoken English), which was produced by Educational Testing Service.

B. Program Requirements (Thesis)

  1. A minimum of 30 semester hours is required beyond the baccalaureate degree, of which 21 must be at the 7000 level.
  2. A grade point average of 3.0 must be maintained. A student whose grade point average drops below 3.0 will have one semester to raise his or her GPA to 3.0 or better. Continuation of a student who fails to reach a 3.0 overall GPA during two semesters while in the graduate program is at the discretion of the Graduate Studies Committee (in consultation with the student's advisory committee).
  3. BIOL 7000, 7004, 7102, 7200, 7600, and 7996. Attendance at departmental seminars is mandatory. BIOL 7000 must be completed during the first year of residence and BIOL 7600 in the last semester.
  4. All students are required to take and pass a written and oral Comprehensive Examination administered by the student's advisory committee usually before the end of their fifth semester in residence. The scope of this examination is broad and includes a review of general biological principles.  This exam must be taken at least one semester prior to graduation.
  5. Presentation of research (7600) and a thesis (7996) as approved by the student's Advisory Committee. NOTE: Students electing to write a thesis should familiarize themselves with the Thesis/Dissertation Preparation Guide before starting to write.
  6. Pass a final oral examination administered by the student's advisory committee. This exam is a defense of the thesis research and is usually taken in the student's final semester.

C. Program Requirements (Non-Thesis)

  1. A minimum of 36 semester hours of graduate courses is required, of which 26 must be at the 7000 level. The total number of semester hours required for graduation will be determined by the student's advisory committee based on academic background. No more than 3 semester hours can be satisfied by BIOL 7092.
  2. BIOL 7000, 7004, and 7200. BIOL 7000 must be completed during the first year of residence. Attendance at departmental seminars is mandatory. Though students will not present in BIOL 7200, their participation is expected.
  3. A grade point average of 3.0 must be maintained. A student whose grade point average drops below 3.0 will have one semester to raise his or her GPA to 3.0 or better. Continuation of a student who fails to reach a 3.0 overall GPA during two semesters while in the graduate program is at the discretion of the Graduate Studies Committee (in consultation with the student's Advisory Committee).
  4. All students are required to take and pass a written and oral Comprehensive Examination, administered by the student's advisory committee usually before the end of their fifth semester in residence. The scope of this examination is broad and includes a review of general biological principles.

III. PhD Degree Program

Program objectives are: (1) understand biological principles, concepts, and theories, and in-depth knowledge in a chosen specialty; (2) develop expertise in experimental design, data analysis, and oral and written presentation of research results; and (3) become competitive for professional positions in the biological sciences.

A. Program Admission

  1. Application to The University of Memphis Graduate School.  Application can be made on-line (http://www.memphis.edu/admissions/apply.php and http://www.memphis.edu/biology/graduate.htm).
  2. Official transcripts of all previous academic coursework must be sent directly to The University of Memphis Graduate Admissions from the issuing institution. Prospective doctoral students must hold either an MS or a BS from an accredited institution.  An overall minimum grade point average of 3.00 (on a 4.0 scale) for students with a BS or MS degree is usually competitive. Applicants whose highest degree is from a foreign institution must have their credentials evaluated by any credentialing agency listed on the National Association of Credential Evaluation Services' website. The course-by-course report is required. 
    a. Applicants must have satisfactorily completed ("C" or better) four upper division courses within the following six areas:  Ecology, Genetics, Cell Biology, Microbiology, Physiology, and Evolution.
    b. Applicants must also have satisfactorily completed ("C" or better) seven courses within the following nine areas:  General Chemistry I, General Chemistry II, Organic Chemistry I, Organic Chemistry II, Biochemistry, Physics I, Physics II, Calculus, and Statistics.  Other courses in the sciences may substitute for these requirements.
  3. The Graduate Record Exam (GRE) is required and scores for the Verbal, Quantitative, and Analytical Writing sections are an important factor in the admission process. GRE scores should be submitted directly to The University of Memphis Graduate Admissions by the testing agency.
  4. Department of Biological Sciences Graduate School Application, to be submitted in an online fillable form (www.memphis.edu/biology/grad/biological_sciences_graduate_program_application.php).
  5. A written letter from a prospective advisor within the Department of Biological Sciences that states that he/she will accept the applicant and how the student will be funded while in the program must be submitted to the Department of Biological Sciences. Applicants for the doctoral degree are expected to have made prior contact with potential research advisors in the department's graduate program. This is a critical first step; no applicants will be accepted to the Department without an advisor. Faculty research interests are listed on the departmental website; applicants are encouraged to interact directly with those faculty members who have research interests that match their own interests.
  6. Two letters of recommendation from persons capable of assessing the applicant's suitability for graduate work in biology must be submitted to the Department of Biological Sciences.
  7. International students for whom English is not their native language must submit proof that they have taken the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL); acceptable minimums are 550 for paper-based (PBT) and 79 for internet-based (IBT) exams. International applicants for Graduate Teaching Assistantships in the Department of Biological Sciences must obtain a score of 26 or higher on the spoken English component of the TOEFL iBT. Alternatively, applicants must take the SPEAK test (Speaking Proficiency English Assessment Kit) and obtain a score of 50 or higher in order to be appointed as a Teaching Assistant. The SPEAK test is The University of Memphis version of the TSE (Test of Spoken English), which was produced by Educational Testing Service.

B. Program Requirements

1. A minimum of three academic years (72 credit hours) beyond the baccalaureate degree is required. A student entering the PhD program with a MS degree may be awarded 30 semester hours toward the 72 hours requirement. A minimum of 30 semester hours must be taken in residence.

2. BIOL 8000, 8004,  8092, 8103, 8200, 8600, and 9000. BIOL 8000 must be completed during the first year of residence. Attendance at departmental seminars is mandatory. Up to nine hours of BIOL 8092, and five hours of BIOL 8200 can be counted toward the degree requirements. Eighteen credit hours of BIOL 9000 must be completed during the program; no more than 18 hours will be counted toward the degree.

3. Foreign Language and Research - Students are required to demonstrate competence in a foreign language or research tool, or both. Completion of this requirement will be determined by each student's advisory committee.

4. Becoming a Ph.D. Candidate is a two-step process that is usually completed by the end of the third year.

a. A written and oral presentation of the student's Research Prospectus will be made. Details of the plan of research must be approved by the advisory committee prior to collection of data.

b. All students are required to take and pass a written and oral Comprehensive Examination administered by the student's advisory committee before the end of their sixth semester in residence.  The scope of the examination is broad and includes a review of general biological principles.

 5. A dissertation will be required of all candidates for the doctoral degree. The dissertation must show a mastery of the techniques of scientific research, and it must be a distinct and new contribution to the body of scientific knowledge. The student's Advisory Committee must approve the topic, prospectus, and the final dissertation. At least 18 hours of research and dissertation credit (BIOL 9000) must be completed during the graduate program; no more than 18 hours will be counted toward the degree. NOTE: Students should familiarize themselves with the Thesis/Dissertation Preparation Guide before starting to write.

6. A minimum of one published or fully accepted paper in a national or international peer reviewed scientific journal approved by the advisory committee is required.

7. Dissertation Defense and Final Examination - The final examination will be conducted by the student's advisory committee. The committee will consist, insofar as possible, of the same persons involved in the specialized knowledge examination. The final examination will be an oral defense of the dissertation and will be announced and open to the public. Upon successful completion of the examination and all degree requirements, the committee will recommend awarding the PhD.

IV. Accelerated B.S./M.S. Program in Biology

This program allows outstanding undergraduates to begin coursework for the Master of Science with thesis in Biology during their senior year. Students are encouraged to begin planning to enter the accelerated B.S./M.S. program early in their undergraduate career, in consultation with their advisor in the Department of Biological Sciences. Undergraduates selected into this program begin a carefully tailored course of study allowing them to complete their B.S. degree while beginning research and coursework toward their M.S. To apply, students must have a minimum 3.25 grade point average and must submit two letters of recommendation and a copy of their transcript to the Department of Biological Sciences. Applications must be submitted by the middle of the junior year and must be sponsored by a graduate faculty member. Students must also apply to the Graduate School for combination senior status (nondegree), which allows them to take graduate courses in biology. To continue in the program past the B.S. students must apply for full admission into the Graduate School and into the Department of Biological Sciences M.S. program. Up to 9 hours of graduate course work may be applied to both the undergraduate and graduate programs. Detailed program and application information is available in the Biology Advising and Resource Center.


BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES (BIOL)

In addition to the courses below the department may offer the following Special Topics courses:
BIOL 6090-6099. Special Topics. (1-3). Topics are varied and announced in Online course listings; may be repeated with different topics for a maximum of 4 hours. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 1120 and 1121.
BIOL 7700-40–8700-40. Special Topics in Biology. (1-4). Current topics of special interest in biology. PREREQUISITE: Permission of instructor.


BIOL 6051 - Marine Ecology (5)
This course is taught only at the Gulf Coast Research Laboratory, Ocean Springs, Mississippi. University of Memphis residence credit is given through affiliation with the Laboratory. Relationship of marine organisms to their environment; effects of temperature, salinity, light, nutrient concentration, currents, food, and competition on abundance and distribution of marine organisms. PREREQUISITE: 16 hours of biology including general zoology, general botany, and invertebrate zoology.

BIOL 6053 - Plant Ecology (4)
Relationships of plants and environmental factors at physiological, population, and community scales; ecosystem dynamics at local and landscape scales; emphasis on field techniques. Two lecture, four laboratory hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 1120 and 1121.

BIOL 6054 - Wetland Ecology (4)
Wetlands and wetland resources; attributes of hydrology, biogeochemistry, and wetland plants with emphasis on bottomland hardwood forests. Two lecture, four laboratory hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 3050 and consent of instructor.

BIOL 6055 - Ecological/Environ Issues (3)
Ecological perspective on current environmental issues such as conservation and biodiversity, global climatic change, and regulation of chemicals in the environment. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 1120 and 1121.

BIOL 6056 - Tropical Ecology (4)
Lecture and field intensive course in ecology of the tropics. International travel required for laboratory portion of course. Two lecture hours, four laboratory hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 1120 and 1121.

BIOL 6071 - Human Genetics (3)
Genetic principles as they apply to humans, including pedigree analysis, genetic counseling, cancer, and genomics. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 3072.

BIOL 6100 - Evolution (3)
Synthesis of principles and concepts of modern evolutionary theory; geological evolution, biological evolution, and evolution of societies; emphasis on recent developments and current controversies. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 3072.

BIOL 6150 - Developmental Biology (3)
(MMCS 6150). Introduction to study of developing biological systems at cellular and molecular level. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 3072 and CHEM 3511.

BIOL 6200 - Marine Botany (4)
This course is taught only at the Gulf Coast Research Laboratory, Ocean Springs, Mississippi. University of Memphis residence credit is given through affiliation with the Laboratory. Local examples of principal groups of marine algae and maritime flowering plants, treating structure, reproduction, distribution, identification and ecology. PREREQUISITE: ten hours of biology, including introductory botany; permission from instructor.

BIOL 6230 - Plant Physiology (3)
Whole plant functioning and plant responses to environmental stresses and pollution. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 1120 and 1121, or permission of instructor.

BIOL 6241 - Biogeog/GIS Analyses/Ecology (3)
(Same as ESCI 6241). Basic principles of interaction between geography, organism diversity and evolution; physical factors limiting species distribution, theories of island biogeography, geographical modes of speciation. Laboratories introduce principles of GIS, basic functions of ArcGIS, and other programs relevant to ecological studies. Two lecture hours, two laboratory hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 1120 and 1121, or permission of instructor.

BIOL 6245 - Plant Systematics/Evolution (4)
Evolution and classification of flowering plants, Angiosperms; diversity of flowering plants on worldwide basis; relationship of major flowering plant families; systems of classification, nomenclature, field collecting techniques, preparation of specimens, family characteristics. Laboratories include practical aspects of flowering plant classification and identification. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 1120 and 1121, or BIOL 3200, or permission of instructor.

BIOL 6375 - Molec Biol/Parasites (4)
(MMCS 4375). Parasites with emphasis on molecular and immunological aspects of their biology; parasites of humans emphasized with some examples of parasites of companion animals and livestock; biology, treatment and prevention of parasitic diseases. Three lecture hours, two laboratory hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 3130 or 3550.

BIOL 6380 - Histology/Tissue/Organ (4)
(MMCS 6380). Histology, with emphasis on the relationship between structure and function in mammalian tissues and organs; human histology emphasized. Three lecture, three laboratory hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 1120 and 1121.

BIOL 6401 - Plant Cell Molec Biol (3)
(MMCS 6400). The cellular and molecular basis of plant development, including plant hormones, signal transduction, regulation by light, plant-microbe interactions, and plant transformation. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 3130 and BIOL 3072.

BIOL 6440 - Pathogenic Bacteriology (3)
(MMCS 4440). Unifying concepts in bacterial pathogenesis, with emphasis on molecular aspects of pathogenesis and modern approaches to pathogenesis research; introduction to immunology; human microbiota and opportunistic pathogens; pathogen evolution; virulence factor regulation, delivery, and mechanism; antibiotics and antibiotic resistance; vaccination. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 3550 and CHEM 3511.

BIOL 6445 - Immunology (3)
(MMCS 6445). Antigens, immunoglobulin classes, cells and cytokines of immune response, complement system, hypersensitivities, blood groups, vaccines and immunity. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 3130 or 3500 and CHEM 3511.

BIOL 6450 - Microbial Ecology (3)
(MMCS 6450). Roles of microorganisms in the environment; microbial processes, interactions with the environment and biota, population ecology, community ecology, and biodegradation. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: Consent of instructor.

BIOL 6465 - Adv Medical Microbiol Lab (2)
(MMCS 6465). Application of modern laboratory techniques and instrumentation to experiments in pathogenic bacteriology, immunology, virology, and parasitology. Four laboratory hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 3500 and 3505.

BIOL 6470 - Molecular Genetics (4)
(MMCS 6470). Structure, function, and replication of DNA, recombination, colinearity of DNA with genetic map, mutagenesis, plasmids, genetic code, protein synthesis, suppression, regulation of gene expression, genetic engineering, and immunogenetics. For students without formal training in molecular genetics. Four lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 3072 and BIOL 3130 or 3500.

BIOL 6480 - Cellular/Molec Pharmacol (3)
Provides basic understanding of mechanisms by which therapeutic agents regulate physiological function of cells comprising organ systems such as the heart and central nervous system; drug action (pharmacodynamics) addressed at the molecular, cellular, and organ level, as well as common diseases affecting a system. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: CHEM 1120 and BIOL 3130.

BIOL 6500 - Marine Microbiology (5)
This course is taught only at the Gulf Coast Research Laboratory, Ocean Springs, Mississippi. University of Memphis residence credit is given through affiliation with the Laboratory. Role of microorganisms in overall ecology of oceans and estuaries. PREREQUISITE: general microbiology and environmental microbiology, or permission of instructor.

BIOL 6501 - Virology (3)
(MMCS 6501). Introductory study of viruses of human and veterinary significance, and methods of cultivation, isolation, and characterization; study of pathogenic mechanisms. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 3130, 3500 or 3550.

BIOL 6503 - Lab Tech In Biochem (2)
(MMCS 6503). (Same as CHEM 6501). Biochemical techniques, analysis and design strategies; properties of protein/enzymes, including binding, catalysis, kinetics, electron and proton transport processes of intermediate metabolism; purification, characterization and assay of enzymes using chromatography, spectroscopy and electrophoresis. Six laboratory hours per week. PREREQUISITE: CHEM 3501. PREREQUISITE OR COREQUISITE: BIOL 6511 or CHEM 6511.

BIOL 6504 - Lab Tech Molecular Biol (2)
(MMCS 6504). Biochemical and molecular biology laboratory techniques; emphasis on nucleic acids and recombinant DNA; vector design and practical incorporation into host systems; product expression, isolation and identification; bioinformatics in research design strategies. Six laboratory hours per week; PREREQUISITE or COREQUISITE: BIOL 6512 or CHEM 6512 or permission of instructor.

BIOL 6511 - Biochemistry I (3)
(MMCS 4511). (Same as CHEM 4511). Chemistry of amino acids and proteins related to their properties in biochemical systems; protein conformation studies; enzymology, coenzymes and their functions; importance of pH and bioenergetics in catalysis; protein and carbohydrate metabolism. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: CHEM 3511 with at least a C-.

BIOL 6512 - Biochemistry II (3)
(MMCS 6512). (Same as CHEM 6512). Continuation of BIOL 6511; chemistry of lipids; metabolism, membrane formation and function in cell signaling mechanisms and sensory transduction; chemistry of nucleotides, DNA and RNA; mechanisms of information storage and transmission; advanced treatment of enzyme kinetics. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 6511 or CHEM 6511 with at least C-.

BIOL 6600 - Marine Vert Zoo Icht (6)
This course is taught only at the Gulf Coast Research Laboratory, Ocean Springs, Mississippi. University of Memphis residence credit is given through affiliation with the Laboratory. Marine Chordata, including lower groups and the mammals and birds, with most emphasis on the fishes. PREREQUISITE: 16 hours of zoology including comparative anatomy or consent of the instructor.

BIOL 6604 - Animal Behavior (4)
Animal behavior, primarily from ecological, physiological, developmental, and evolutionary perspective. Three lecture, two laboratory hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 1120 and 1121.

BIOL 6630 - Gen Endocrinology (3)
Anatomy and physiology of the organs of internal secretion; role of hormones in metabolism and development. Three lecture-demonstration hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 3030 or 3730, or permission of instructor.

BIOL 6635 - Neurobiology (3)
Basic structure and function of nervous system and its development; resting membrane potential, structure/function of ion channels; mechanisms of action potential conduction, presynaptic neurotransmitter vesicle exocytosis, postsynaptic receptors and signal transduction pathways, synaptic structure and development. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 3130 or permission of instructor.

BIOL 6640 - Ornithology (4)
Biology of birds, with emphasis on avian anatomy, physiology, behavior, and reproductive biology. Field trips emphasize identification of local species and techniques of field study. Two lecture, four field/laboratory hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 1120 and 1121.

BIOL 6644 - Ichthyology (4)
Fishes, with special emphasis upon the kinds that occur in Tennessee; collection, preservation, and identification; life histories, management, and economic importance of fishes. Two lecture, four laboratory hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 1120 and 1121.

BIOL 6646 - Marine Fisheries Mgmt (4)
This course is taught only at the Gulf Coast Research Laboratory, Ocean Springs, Mississippi. University of Memphis residence credit is given through affiliation with the Laboratory. Overview of practical marine fishery management problems. PREREQUISITE: Consent of instructor.

BIOL 6651 - Field Tech/Vertebrate Zoology (4-6)
Techniques in extended field study of vertebrates outside the local area. Credit hours to be determined in consultation with instructor. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 1120 and 1121.

BIOL 6730 - Urban Ecol/Wildlife Mgmt (3)
Study of interrelations and management of organisms considered part of the wildlife realm (game and non-game) in urban environments; provides information required to understand ecological and wildlife issues in urban areas and to develop management strategies for maintaining sustainable natural resources on disturbed landscapes. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 3050 or permission of instructor.

BIOL 6740 - Mammalogy (4)
Classification, distribution, life histories, economic importance, techniques of field study, methods of collection and preservation of mammals. Two lecture, four laboratory hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 1120 and 1121.

BIOL 6744 - Herpetology (4)
Classification, distribution, life histories, techniques of collection and preservation, natural habitats of North American reptiles and amphibians. Two lecture, four laboratory hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 1120 and 1121.

BIOL 6745 - Tropical Herpetology (4)
Lecture and field-intensive course in herpetology of the tropics; international travel required for laboratory portion of course. Two lecture hours, four laboratory hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 1120 and 1121.

BIOL 6800 - Marine Invertebrate Zool (6)
This course is taught only at the Gulf Coast Research Laboratory, Ocean Springs, Mississippi. University of Memphis residence credit is given through affiliation with the Laboratory. Important free-living, marine and estuarine invertebrates of Mississippi Sound and adjacent continental shelf of northeastern Gulf of Mexico; emphasis on structure, classification, phylogenetic relationships, larval development, and functional processes. PREREQUISITE: 16 hours of zoology including introductory invertebrate zoology.

BIOL 6840 - Invertebrate Zoology (4)
Invertebrate phyla with emphasis on phylogeny, embryology, and ecology of selected groups. Extended field trip. Two lecture, four laboratory hours per week. PREREQUISITE: Permission of instructor.

BIOL 6844 - Parasites Marine Animals (6)
This course is taught only at the Gulf Coast Research Laboratory, Ocean Springs, Mississippi. University of Memphis residence credit is given through affiliation with the Laboratory. Parasites of marine animals with emphasis on morphology, taxonomy, life histories, and host parasite relationships. Lecture, laboratory and field work. PREREQUISITE: General parasitology or consent of the instructor.

BIOL 6850 - Fauna/Ecology Tidal Marsh (4)
This course is taught only at the Gulf Coast Research Laboratory, Ocean Springs, Mississippi. University of Memphis residence credit is given through affiliation with the Laboratory. Survey and discussion of taxonomy, distribution, trophic relationships, reproductive strategies and adaptation of tidal marsh animals; emphasis on those occurring in northern Gulf marshes. PREREQUISITE: 16 hours of biology and junior standing, or permission of instructor.

BIOL 6900 - Entomology (4)
Morphology, physiology, behavior, and ecology of insects. Three lecture, two laboratory hours per week; PREREQUISITE: BIOL 1120 and 1121.

BIOL 7000 - Orientation Grad Stdy (2)
Source of literature in field of biology, data presentation, graphic techniques, and manuscript preparation. One lecture, two laboratory hours per week. Grades of S, U, or IP will be given.

BIOL 7004 - College Biol Teaching (1)
(MMCS 7004-8004). Under faculty supervision, graduate students participate in teaching of laboratory sections of existing undergraduate courses in the biological sciences. Student's performance evaluated by faculty member in charge and appropriate grade assigned. Grades of S, U, or IP will be given.

BIOL 7006 - Care/Humane Use Lab Animals (2)
(MMCS 7006-8006). Care and use of live vertebrate animals in research and teaching. Students must enroll in this course before working with live vertebrate animals; fulfills requirements of Federal Animal Welfare Act and NIH Guide. One lecture and two laboratory hours per week. PREREQUISITE: Permission of instructor. Grades of S, U, or IP will be given.

BIOL 7007 - Exp Cell/Molec Biol Tchr (4)
(MMCS 7010). Developing inquiry-based laboratory activities to teach basic concepts of cell and molecular biology in middle and high school settings; includes basic concepts, fundamental laboratory skills, and methods for designing inquiry-based laboratory exercises. NOTE: May not be applied to degree requirements. Two lecture, six laboratory hours per week.

BIOL 7008 - Intro Genomics/Bioinformatics (3)
(Same as BINF 7701) Accelerated introduction to molecular and genomic sciences, covering basic concepts of gene and protein structure/function, genome sequencing and annotation, single nucleotide polymorphism, genetic variation, gene expression, and functional genomics and proteomics. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: Permission of instructor.

BIOL 7010 - Prin Meth Sys Biology (3)
Systematic philosophies and numerical methods developed to deal with systematic and taxonomic problems; discussions of international rules, concept of species, and the roles and aims of practicing systematists; projects designed to give practical experience in analyzing data. Two lecture, two laboratory hours per week.

BIOL 7011 - Adv Topics Wetland Ecol (3)
Covers a range of current topics related to wetland science and issues at national and regional levels; includes site visits and case studies on selected wetlands. Two hours lecture and one laboratory/field component. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 4054/6054 or equivalent and permission of instructor.

BIOL 7012 - Plant Ecophysiology (3)
Covers various topics on plant responses to environmental factors, effects of global climate changes on plant health and functioning, and techniques used to quantify environmental variables and plant responses. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 3230 or equivalent and permission of instructor.

BIOL 7014 - Tchng Skills Grad Asst (3)
(MMCS 7003-8003). Strategies and skills for effective college teaching; includes use of innovative approaches and computer-based instructional technology. May be repeated up to 12 credit hours. May not be applied to degree requirements.

BIOL 7015 - Aquaculture (3)
Principles and procedures related to the culture of commercially important freshwater organisms under controlled conditions. Three lecture hours per week.

BIOL 7016 - Mol Syst Ecology (3)
Application of systematic and genetic theory to the understanding of past and present patterns and processes in animals, emphasizing laboratory analysis techniques to address a variety of questions on behavioral, ecological, and evolutionary biology. Two 2-hour combined lab/lectures per week.

BIOL 7017 - Topics In Evolution (1-3)
Lecture, readings, discussion, and oral presentation on evolutionary biology. May be repeated for a maximum of 9 credit hours for PhD students; 6 credit hours for MS students. PREREQUISITE: Permission of instructor.

BIOL 7018 - Topics In Physiology (1-3)
Lecture, readings, discussion, and oral presentation on physiology. May be repeated for a maximum of 9 credit hours for PhD students; 6 credit hours for MS students. PREREQUISITE: Permission of instructor.

BIOL 7019 - Topics In Animal Behavior (1-3)
Lecture, readings, discussion and oral presentation on animal biology. May be repeated for a maximum of 9 credit hours for PhD students; 6 credit hours for MS students. PREREQUISITE: Permission of instructor.

BIOL 7020 - Topics In Ecology (1-3)
Lecture, readings, discussion , and oral presentation on ecology. May be repeated for a maximum of 9 credit hours for PhD students; 6 credit hours for MS students. PREREQUISITE: Permission of instructor.

BIOL 7031 - Cell Physiology (3)
(MMCS 7031-8031). Cellular thermodynamics, membrane transport systems, ion channels, oxidative phosphorylation, electron transport, cytoskeleton and mechanochemical coupling systems.Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: Permission of instructor.

BIOL 7040 - Light Microsc/Theory & Appl (4)
(MMCS 7040-8040). Principles of bright field, fluorescence, confocal, two-photons and super resolution microscopy; methods to prepare specimen for bright field, fluorescence and live microscopy. Three hours lecture and two hours lab per week. PREREQUISITE: Permission of instructor.

BIOL 7051 - Vertebrate Cell Cultr Tech (3)
(MMCS 7051-8051). Theory, principles, and protocols in use of vertebrate cell cultures and cell lines in biomedical research.Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: Permission of instructor.

BIOL 7080 - Public Health Microbiol (3)
Overview of the nature of diseases threatening the public health of contemporary societies covering fundamental microbiology; microbe-human interactions; and emerging microbial diseases, common food-borne diseases, and pathogens for bioterrorism. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: Permission of instructor.

BIOL 7092 - Research (1-6)
Consultation, reading, and laboratory work investigating selected topics in biology. Only 6 semester hours credit may be counted toward degree requirements for MS students seeking a thesis and 3 for MS students seeking a non-thesis degree; 9 semester hours credit for PhD students. Grades of S, U, or IP will be given.

BIOL 7093 - Problems In Zoology (3-6)
Supervised research on specific problems in marine zoology for graduates. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 6800 or 6600.Grades of S, U, or IP will be given.

BIOL 7102 - Thesis Proposal (2)
Preparation of a thesis project proposal in a grant format and an oral defense of the proposal. Students should not be concurrently enrolled for BIOL 7102 and BIOL 7200. PREREQUISITE: BIOL master's student. Grades of S, U, or IP will be given.

BIOL 7130 - Curr Lit Cell & Molec Biol (1)
Lecture, readings, discussion, oral presentation from current cell and molecular biology research articles. May be repeated for a maximum of 3 credit hours for PhD students; 2 credit hours for MS students. PREREQUISITE: Permission of instructor

BIOL 7131 - Cell & Molecular Biol (4)
(MMCS 7131-8131). Introduction to principles of molecular biology as they apply to eukaryotic cells including transcription, translation, regulation of protein function, DNA replication, membrane biogenesis, secretion, hormone action, signal transduction, and ligand receptor interaction. Four lecture hours per week.

BIOL 7135 - Protein Trafficking (3)
Modern theories of co-translational and post-translational protein targeting in eukaryotic cells to include function and evolution of classical trafficking pathway elements. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITES: BIOL 3130 and BIOL 4512-6512.

BIOL 7140 - Receptors & Signaling (3)
Develops state-of-the-art understanding of issues in cell receptors and signaling, covering receptor-ligand interactions including methods of identification and quantification; emphasizes specific characteristics of G protein-coupled receptors, receptor tyrosine kinases, and ligand-activate transcription factors including mechanisms of action and signaling pathways activated by each receptor. Three lecture hours per week.

BIOL 7200 - Seminar In Biology (1)
Student presentations of topics in biology. Open to Biology students only. Only 3 semester hours may be counted toward degree requirements for MS students, 5 for PhD students. Grades of S, U, or IP will be given.

BIOL 7250 - Comm & Landscape Ecol (4)
Distributions of organisms on worldwide and local basis with emphasis on factors influencing distribution and growth. Two lecture, four laboratory hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 3050 or consent of the instructor.

BIOL 7290 - Molecular Computing (3)
(MMCS 7290-8290). (Same as COMP 7290-8290). Basics of cell biology and genetics (DNA structure and enzymes, replication, and translation); feasible DNA-based solution of hard computational problems; issues in the design of molecular computers; foundations of nanotechnology. PREREQUISITE: COMP 6030 or permission of instructor.

BIOL 7331 - Photosynthesis (2)
(MMCS 7331-8331). Lectures and readings on modern theory of photosynthesis; includes such topics as chloroplast structure and function; chemistry and photo-chemistry of chlorophyll; influence of external factors on rate of photosynthesis, absorption, fluorescence, and luminescence; energy storage; efficiency; carbon fixation; photosynthesis in cell extracts; phosphorylation. Two lecture hours per week.

BIOL 7335 - Hormones And Behavior (3)
Examines the relationship between endocrinology and behavior in animals and humans and how this relationship underlies survival and reproduction. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: Endocrinology (BIOL 4630-6630) or permission of instructor.

BIOL 7338 - Biological Clocks (3)
A consideration of the biological clocks that generate daily, lunar, seasonal and annual rhythms in various animals including people. Emphasis on neuroendocrine substrates, development and adaptive significance of reproductive cycles, feeding rhythms, sleep-wakefulness cycles, hibernation cycles, body weight and migratory cycles. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: Graduate standing and Permission of instructor.

BIOL 7340 - Behavioral Ecology (3)
Examines the influence of natural selection on animals' ability to exploit resources, avoid predators, secure mates, rear offspring, and communicate with conspecifics. Three lecture hours per week.

BIOL 7345 - Animal Communication (3)
Examination of the relationship between evolutionary ecology and animal communication to investigate how animal interactions with conspecifics affect their behavior. A rudimentary knowledge of animal behavior, animal psychology, or ecology is recommended. Three lecture hours per week.

BIOL 7350 - Evolutionary Ecology (3)
Provides the basic foundation for applying genetic and evolutionary theory to the ecology of plants and animals; emphasis on genetic and phenotypic adaptations of plants and animals to their environment. Three lecture hours per week.

BIOL 7360 - Plant And Environment (3)
Discusses plant responses to environmental changes and potential effects of global climate changes on plant health and function. Two lecture, two laboratory hours per week. PREREQUISITES: plant physiology (BIOL 3230 or equivalent), plant ecology (BIOL 4053-6053 or equivalent), or permission of instructor.

BIOL 7370 - Wetland Ecol & Mgmt (3)
A wide range of topics relating to wetland science and issues at national and regional levels, including wetland classification, hydrology, and biochemistry, with special emphasis on regional bottomland forests. Two lecture, two laboratory hours per week. PREREQUISITES: wetland ecology (BIOL 4054-6054) or equivalent or permission of instructor.

BIOL 7400 - Comparative Immunology (3)
(MMCS 7400-8400). Phylogenesis and development of the defensive immune systems of invertebrates and the vertebrate classes. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 4445-6445 or permission of instructor.

BIOL 7440 - Molecular Biol/Cancer (3)
Introduction to molecular basis of cancer, cancer therapy and prevention; includes disease-, chemical carcinogen-, and viral-based views of cancer process; surveys modern tools for identifying cancer susceptibility genes and classifying tumors. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITES: BIOL 4503-6503 or BIOL 4470-6470, or permission of instructor.

BIOL 7464 - Advanced Immunology (4)
(MMCS 7464-8464). Selected topics and laboratories in molecular and cellular immunology, immunobiology, tumor immunology, and medical aspects of immunology. Three lecture, two laboratory hours per week. PREREQUISITES: BIOL 6445 and 6511 or their equivalent.

BIOL 7470 - Adv Bacterial Genetics (3)
(MMCS 7470-8470). Advanced studies in the molecular basis of bacterial genetics; including mutation and bacterial repair systems, complementation analysis, recombination, gene transfer mechanisms, gene conversion and marker effects, insertional elements, phase variation, and bacteriophage genetics. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 6470 or equivalent.

BIOL 7530 - Bacterial Physiology (3)
(MMCS 7530-8530). Bacterial physiology including growth, nutrition, biosynthesis, biodegradation, and adaptation. Three lecture hours per week.

BIOL 7550 - Food & Indust Toxicol (3)
(MMCS 7550-8550). Principles and methodology of genotoxicity; assessment of toxic substances in animal and plant foodstuffs, and in industrial wastes; fungal and bacterial contaminants, food additives, and food processing; biotransformation and health impacts are emphasized. Three lecture hours per week.

BIOL 7600 - Seminar In Biology (1)
Selected topics in the biological sciences. Credit is earned when the results of the student's thesis work is presented. Grades of S, U, or IP will be given.

BIOL 7610 - Environ Effects On Devel (2)
Environment-gene interactions and developmental plasticity; evolutionary, physiological, morphological, and ecological consequences of these interactions. Two lecture hours per week.

BIOL 7750 - Population Ecology (3)
Examination and quantification of the processes that influence population dynamics. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 3050 or equivalent.

BIOL 7751 - Conservation Biology (4)
Application of biological principles towards the conservation of natural systems and the organisms they contain. Two lecture, four laboratory hours per week. PREREQUISITE: Permission of the instructor.

BIOL 7996 - Thesis (1-6)
Research contributing to the development of the MS thesis. Only 6 semester hours may be counted toward degree requirements. Grades of S, U, or IP will be given.

BIOL 8000 - Orientation Grad Stdy (2)
Source of literature in field of biology, data presentation, graphic techniques, and manuscript preparation. One lecture, two laboratory hours per week. Grades of S, U, or IP will be given.

BIOL 8004 - College Biol Teaching (1)
(MMCS 7004-8004). Under faculty supervision, graduate students participate in teaching of laboratory sections of existing undergraduate courses in the biological sciences. Student's performance evaluated by faculty member in charge and appropriate grade assigned. Grades of S, U, or IP will be given.

BIOL 8006 - Care/Humane Use Lab Animals (2)
(MMCS 7006-8006). Care and use of live vertebrate animals in research and teaching. Students must enroll in this course before working with live vertebrate animals; fulfills requirements of Federal Animal Welfare Act and NIH Guide. One lecture and two laboratory hours per week. PREREQUISITE: Permission of instructor. Grades of S, U, or IP will be given.

BIOL 8007 - Exp Cell/Molec Biol Tchr (4)
(MMCS 7010). Developing inquiry-based laboratory activities to teach basic concepts of cell and molecular biology in middle and high school settings; includes basic concepts, fundamental laboratory skills, and methods for designing inquiry-based laboratory exercises. NOTE: May not be applied to degree requirements. Two lecture, six laboratory hours per week.

BIOL 8010 - Prin Meth Sys Biology (3)
Systematic philosophies and numerical methods developed to deal with systematic and taxonomic problems; discussions of international rules, concept of species, and the roles and aims of practicing systematists; projects designed to give practical experience in analyzing data. Two lecture, two laboratory hours per week.

BIOL 8011 - Adv Topics Wetland Ecol (3)
Covers a range of current topics related to wetland science and issues at national and regional levels; includes site visits and case studies on selected wetlands. Two hours lecture and one laboratory/field component. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 4054/6054 or equivalent and permission of instructor.

BIOL 8012 - Plant Ecophysiology (3)
Covers various topics on plant responses to environmental factors, effects of global climate changes on plant health and functioning, and techniques used to quantify environmental variables and plant responses. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 3230 or equivalent and permission of instructor.

BIOL 8014 - Tchng Skills Grad Asst (3)
(MMCS 7003-8003). Strategies and skills for effective college teaching; includes use of innovative approaches and computer-based instructional technology. May be repeated up to 12 credit hours. May not be applied to degree requirements.

BIOL 8015 - Aquaculture (3)
Principles and procedures related to the culture of commercially important freshwater organisms under controlled conditions. Three lecture hours per week.

BIOL 8016 - Mol Syst Ecology (3)
Application of systematic and genetic theory to the understanding of past and present patterns and processes in animals, emphasizing laboratory analysis techniques to address a variety of questions on behavioral, ecological, and evolutionary biology. Two 2-hour combined lab/lectures per week.

BIOL 8017 - Topics In Evolution (1-3)
Lecture, readings, discussion, and oral presentation on evolutionary biology. May be repeated for a maximum of 9 credit hours for PhD students; 6 credit hours for MS students. PREREQUISITE: Permission of instructor.

BIOL 8018 - Topics In Physiology (1-3)
Lecture, readings, discussion, and oral presentation on physiology. May be repeated for a maximum of 9 credit hours for PhD students; 6 credit hours for MS students. PREREQUISITE: Permission of instructor.

BIOL 8019 - Topics In Animal Behavior (1-3)
Lecture, readings, discussion and oral presentation on animal biology. May be repeated for a maximum of 9 credit hours for PhD students; 6 credit hours for MS students. PREREQUISITE: Permission of instructor.

BIOL 8020 - Topics In Ecology (1-3)
Lecture, readings, discussion , and oral presentation on ecology. May be repeated for a maximum of 9 credit hours for PhD students; 6 credit hours for MS students. PREREQUISITE: Permission of instructor.

BIOL 8031 - Cell Physiology (3)
(MMCS 7031-8031). Cellular thermodynamics, membrane transport systems, ion channels, oxidative phosphorylation, electron transport, cytoskeleton and mechanochemical coupling systems.Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: Permission of instructor.

BIOL 8040 - Light Microsc/Theory & Appl (4)
(MMCS 7040-8040). Principles of bright field, fluorescence, confocal, two-photons and super resolution microscopy; methods to prepare specimen for bright field, fluorescence and live microscopy. Three hours lecture and two hours lab per week. PREREQUISITE: Permission of instructor.

BIOL 8051 - Vertebrate Cell Cultr Tech (3)
(MMCS 7051-8051). Theory, principles, and protocols in use of vertebrate cell cultures and cell lines in biomedical research. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: Permission of instructor.

BIOL 8080 - Public Health Microbiol (3)
Overview of the nature of diseases threatening the public health of contemporary societies covering fundamental microbiology; microbe-human interactions; and emerging microbial diseases, common food-borne diseases, and pathogens for bioterrorism. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: Permission of instructor.

BIOL 8092 - Research (1-6)
Consultation, reading, and laboratory work investigating selected topics in biology. Only 6 semester hours credit may be counted toward degree requirements for MS students seeking a thesis and 3 for MS students seeking a non-thesis degree; 9 semester hours credit for PhD students. Grades of S, U, or IP will be given.

BIOL 8103 - Dissertation Proposal (3)
(MMCS 8100). Preparation of a dissertation project proposal in the NIH grant format and an oral defense of the proposal. PREREQUISITE: BIOL doctoral student. Grades of S, U, or IP will be given.

BIOL 8130 - Curr Lit Cell & Molec Biol (1)
Lecture, readings, discussion, oral presentation from current cell and molecular biology research articles. May be repeated for a maximum of 3 credit hours for PhD students; 2 credit hours for MS students. PREREQUISITE: Permission of instructor

BIOL 8131 - Cell & Molecular Biol (4)
(MMCS 7131-8131). Introduction to principles of molecular biology as they apply to eukaryotic cells including transcription, translation, regulation of protein function, DNA replication, membrane biogenesis, secretion, hormone action, signal transduction, and ligand receptor interaction. Four lecture hours per week.

BIOL 8135 - Protein Trafficking (3)
Modern theories of co-translational and post-translational protein targeting in eukaryotic cells to include function and evolution of classical trafficking pathway elements. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITES: BIOL 3130 and BIOL 4512-6512.

BIOL 8140 - Receptors & Signaling (3)
Develops state-of-the-art understanding of issues in cell receptors and signaling, covering receptor-ligand interactions including methods of identification and quantification; emphasizes specific characteristics of G protein-coupled receptors, receptor tyrosine kinases, and ligand-activate transcription factors including mechanisms of action and signaling pathways activated by each receptor. Three lecture hours per week.

BIOL 8200 - Seminar In Biology (1)
Student presentations of topics in biology. Open to Biology students only. Only 3 semester hours may be counted toward degree requirements for MS students, 5 for PhD students. Grades of S, U, or IP will be given.

BIOL 8250 - Comm & Landscape Ecol (4)
Distributions of organisms on worldwide and local basis with emphasis on factors influencing distribution and growth. Two lecture, four laboratory hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 3050 or consent of the instructor.

BIOL 8290 - Molecular Computing (3)
(MMCS 7290-8290). (Same as COMP 7290-8290). Basics of cell biology and genetics (DNA structure and enzymes, replication, and translation); feasible DNA-based solution of hard computational problems; issues in the design of molecular computers; foundations of nanotechnology. PREREQUISITE: COMP 6030 or permission of instructor.

BIOL 8331 - Photosynthesis (2)
(MMCS 7331-8331). Lectures and readings on modern theory of photosynthesis; includes such topics as chloroplast structure and function; chemistry and photo-chemistry of chlorophyll; influence of external factors on rate of photosynthesis, absorption, fluorescence, and luminescence; energy storage; efficiency; carbon fixation; photosynthesis in cell extracts; phosphorylation. Two lecture hours per week.

BIOL 8335 - Hormones And Behavior (3)
Examines the relationship between endocrinology and behavior in animals and humans and how this relationship underlies survival and reproduction. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: Endocrinology (BIOL 4630-6630) or permission of instructor.

BIOL 8338 - Biological Clocks (3)
A consideration of the biological clocks that generate daily, lunar, seasonal and annual rhythms in various animals including people. Emphasis on neuroendocrine substrates, development and adaptive significance of reproductive cycles, feeding rhythms, sleep-wakefulness cycles, hibernation cycles, body weight and migratory cycles. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: Graduate standing and Permission of instructor.

BIOL 8340 - Behavioral Ecology (3)
Examines the influence of natural selection on animals' ability to exploit resources, avoid predators, secure mates, rear offspring, and communicate with conspecifics. Three lecture hours per week.

BIOL 8345 - Animal Communication (3)
Examination of the relationship between evolutionary ecology and animal communication to investigate how animal interactions with conspecifics affect their behavior. A rudimentary knowledge of animal behavior, animal psychology, or ecology is recommended. Three lecture hours per week.

BIOL 8350 - Evolutionary Ecology (3)
Provides the basic foundation for applying genetic and evolutionary theory to the ecology of plants and animals; emphasis on genetic and phenotypic adaptations of plants and animals to their environment. Three lecture hours per week.

BIOL 8360 - Plant And Environment (3)
Discusses plant responses to environmental changes and potential effects of global climate changes on plant health and function. Two lecture, two laboratory hours per week. PREREQUISITES: plant physiology (BIOL 3230 or equivalent), plant ecology (BIOL 4053-6053 or equivalent), or permission of instructor.

BIOL 8370 - Wetland Ecol & Mgmt (3)
A wide range of topics relating to wetland science and issues at national and regional levels, including wetland classification, hydrology, and biochemistry, with special emphasis on regional bottomland forests. Two lecture, two laboratory hours per week. PREREQUISITES: wetland ecology (BIOL 4054-6054) or equivalent or permission of instructor.

BIOL 8400 - Comparative Immunology (3)
(MMCS 7400-8400). Phylogenesis and development of the defensive immune systems of invertebrates and the vertebrate classes. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 4445-6445 or permission of instructor.

BIOL 8440 - Molecular Biol/Cancer (3)
Introduction to molecular basis of cancer, cancer therapy and prevention; includes disease-, chemical carcinogen-, and viral-based views of cancer process; surveys modern tools for identifying cancer susceptibility genes and classifying tumors. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITES: BIOL 4503-6503 or BIOL 4470-6470, or permission of instructor.

BIOL 8464 - Advanced Immunology (4)
(MMCS 7464-8464). Selected topics and laboratories in molecular and cellular immunology, immunobiology, tumor immunology, and medical aspects of immunology. Three lecture, two laboratory hours per week. PREREQUISITES: BIOL 6445 and 6511 or their equivalent.

BIOL 8470 - Adv Bacterial Genetics (3)
(MMCS 7470-8470). Advanced studies in the molecular basis of bacterial genetics; including mutation and bacterial repair systems, complementation analysis, recombination, gene transfer mechanisms, gene conversion and marker effects, insertional elements, phase variation, and bacteriophage genetics. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 6470 or equivalent.

BIOL 8530 - Bacterial Physiology (3)
(MMCS 7530-8530). Bacterial physiology including growth, nutrition, biosynthesis, biodegradation, and adaptation. Three lecture hours per week.

BIOL 8550 - Food & Indust Toxicol (3)
(MMCS 7550-8550). Principles and methodology of genotoxicity; assessment of toxic substances in animal and plant foodstuffs, and in industrial wastes; fungal and bacterial contaminants, food additives, and food processing; biotransformation and health impacts are emphasized. Three lecture hours per week.

BIOL 8600 - Seminar In Biology (1)
Selected topics in the biological sciences. Credit is earned when the results of the student's thesis work is presented. Grades of S, U, or IP will be given.

BIOL 8610 - Environ Effects On Devel (2)
Environment-gene interactions and developmental plasticity; evolutionary, physiological, morphological, and ecological consequences of these interactions. Two lecture hours per week.

BIOL 8750 - Population Ecology (3)
Examination and quantification of the processes that influence population dynamics. Three lecture hours per week. PREREQUISITE: BIOL 3050 or equivalent.

BIOL 8751 - Conservation Biology (4)
Application of biological principles towards the conservation of natural systems and the organisms they contain. Two lecture, four laboratory hours per week. PREREQUISITE: Permission of the instructor.

BIOL 9000 - Doc Res & Dissert (1-10)
The dissertation must be an independent research project applying a mastery of the techniques of scientific research. It must be a distinct and new contribution to the body of scientific knowledge. A maximum total of 18 hours may be counted toward degree requirements. Grades of S, U, or IP will be given.

Apply Now

Graduate School
Administration Building 215
Memphis, TN 38152
Phone: 901/678-2531
Fax: 901/678-0378

Graduate Admissions
200 Wilder Tower
Memphis, TN 38152
Phone: 901/678-3685
Fax: 901/678-5023

U of M White Pages
Campus Map

Text Only | Print | Got a Question? Ask TOM | Contact Us | Memphis, TN 38152 | 901/678-2000 | Copyright 2014 University of Memphis | Important Notice | Last Updated: 
Last Updated: 5/2/14